PR on Judgment in M.A.M. v. Switzerland

Expelling to Pakistan a national of that country who had converted to Christianity in Switzerland was liable to infringe his Convention rights

PR on Judgment in M.A.M. v. Switzerland

The case of M.A.M. v. Switzerland (application no. 29836/20) concerned the applicant’s possible expulsion to Pakistan. M.A.M. is a Pakistani national who had converted from Islam to Christianity while in Switzerland, where he had arrived in 2015 and where his asylum request had been rejected. In today’s Chamber judgment1 the European Court of Human Rights held, unanimously, that if the decision to expel the applicant to Pakistan were to be executed there would be a violation of Article 2 (right to life) and Article 3 (prohibition of torture, inhuman or degrading treatment) of the European Convention on Human Rights, in the absence of an assessment of the risk to which the applicant was exposed on account of the overall situation of Christian converts in Pakistan and of his own personal situation.

The Court ruled that the assessment by the Swiss authorities of the risk facing the applicant on account of his conversion to Christianity if he were expelled to Pakistan had been insufficient to uphold the rejection of his asylum request, also given that he had not been represented by a lawyer at any stage in the national proceedings.

United Kingdom (41st Session)

United Kingdom

(41st Session)

ADF International is a faith-based legal advocacy organization that protects fundamental freedoms and promotes the inherent dignity of all people before national and international institutions.

This report draws attention to the United Kingdom’s (UK) shortcomings in protecting freedom of expression and opinion in public spaces and in promoting the right of parents to educate their children in accordance with their religious and philosophical beliefs.

Tunisia (41st Session)

Tunisia

(41st Session)

ADF International is a faith-based legal advocacy organization that protects fundamental freedoms and promotes the inherent dignity of all people.

This report highlights the special vulnerability to discrimination and social hostility faced by persons belonging to religious minorities in Tunisia, as well as the lack of adequate protection from the authorities for those facing threats to their safety and rights on the basis of their faith. It also draws attention to the concerning situation of freedom of expression in the country.

The Netherlands (41st Session)

The Netherlands

(41st Session)

ADF International is a faith-based legal advocacy organization that protects fundamental freedoms and promotes the inherent dignity of all people before national and international institutions.

This report outlines how the Netherlands’ regulation of euthanasia and assisted suicide undermines respect for human dignity and violates the rights to life and to health, particularly of older persons and persons with disabilities. It also highlights how the introduction of so-called “buffer zones” around abortion facilities constitutes an illegitimate restriction on the exercise of the freedoms of expression and assembly.

Morocco (41st Session)

Morocco

(41st Session)

ADF International is a faith-based legal advocacy organization that protects fundamental freedoms and promotes the inherent dignity of all people.

This report focuses on the situation of freedom of religion or belief and expression
in Morocco, highlighting the urgent need for measures to ensure their full and effective protection, including particularly for persons belonging to religious minorities.

Indonesia (41st Session)

Indonesia

(41st Session)

ADF International is a faith-based legal advocacy organization that protects
fundamental freedoms and promotes the inherent dignity of all people.

This report highlights the obstacles and dangers that religious minorities face in Indonesia due to both governmental restrictions and interreligious tensions. It also outlines the ways in which freedom of religion or belief and freedom of expression are restricted and what the government is required to do to provide relief for those affected.

India (41st Session)

India

(41st Session)

ADF International is a faith-based legal advocacy organization that protects fundamental freedoms and promotes the inherent dignity of all people.

This report outlines the continued lack of respect for, and protection of the right to
freedom of religion or belief in India. In particular, it addresses the grave impact of anti-conversion laws, which an increasing number of states across the country have been enacting, on the freedom to adopt and practise a religion of their choice, particularly of those belonging to minority faith groups. Furthermore, this submission stresses the urgent need for the Indian government to increase its efforts to tackle and eradicate the ongoing, widespread practice of sex-selective abortion.

Bahrain (41st Session)

Bahrain

(41st Session)

ADF International is a faith-based legal advocacy organization that protects fundamental freedoms and promotes the inherent dignity of all people.

This report highlights concerns relating to the situation of freedom of religion and
expression in the Kingdom of Bahrain, including the criminalization of blasphemy and
defamation. It also focuses on the ongoing institutionalized discrimination against
Shia Muslims, including through arbitrary arrests of religious leaders as well as
disproportionate restrictions on religious gatherings during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Algeria (41st Session)

Algeria

(41st Session)

ADF International is a faith-based legal advocacy organization that protects fundamental freedoms and promotes the inherent dignity of all people.

This report highlights the persecution of religious minorities in Algeria, particularly of
Christians and the Ahmadiyya community. Anti-proselytism and blasphemy laws exist
in Algeria, which undermine the freedom of religion of religious minorities. Additionally, the Algerian authorities require non-Muslim religious groups and places of worship to be registered with governmental authorities. These registration requirements have been used to discriminate against religious minorities and shut down Christian churches.