ADF International

Hanoi, Vietnam July 17, 2016: Aged Church Gate With Holy Cross

Experts raise Vietnam’s human rights violations against Christians in letter to US President


  • Open letter to US Administration on 25th anniversary of normalized relations between US and Vietnam calls for support for Montagnard/Hmong Christians
  • Persecution of Christians in Vietnam systemic and ongoing

WASHINGTON, DC (28 May 2020) – Today, a group of international experts on religious freedom sent an open letter to the United States President raising concerns about the situation of religious minorities in Vietnam. The signatories to the letter describe the plight of tens of thousands of Hmong and Montagnard Christians who are persecuted for their faith. The letter comes at a critical time, as this year marks the 25th anniversary of normalized relations between Vietnam and the United States.

“Nobody should be persecuted because of their faith. The systematic and ongoing persecution of the Hmong and Montagnard Christians in Vietnam is a grave violation of religious freedom. The government harasses, intimidates, imprisons, tortures, and murders Christians and other religious minorities forcing them to renounce their faith. Thousands are functionally stateless simply because of their religion. Their only other option is to flee the country, exposing them to dangerous living conditions. The United States Administration must use this opportunity to act against the grave human rights violations happening in Vietnam,” said Kelsey Zorzi, Director of Advocacy for Global Religious Freedom at ADF International and co-author of the open letter.

Persecution of Christians in Vietnam

Montagnard and Hmong Christians have been under threat in Vietnam since the 1960s. The government considers them a threat to “national security” and “national unity,” and they are denied basic citizens’ rights. They are coerced, imprisoned, and tortured in order to force them to renounce their faith and convert to government-controlled denominations. Local authorities deny them “household registration” documents, restricting them from applying for citizenship ID cards, owning property, obtaining legal employment, opening a bank account, or receiving public services, rendering them functionally stateless in their own country. Some flee to uninhabited areas of the country where they live in dangerous and unsanitary conditions while others apply for asylum abroad.

The open letter calls for the Vietnamese government to cease policies that force these groups into statelessness or to renounce their faith, and for it to issue birth certificates, citizenship IDs, marriage certificates, and household registrations to Christian citizens. The letter is signed by 39 organizations and individuals.

“Vietnam is a party to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and other human rights treaties, which commit the country to international standards on freedom of religion and belief. Recent reviews of Vietnam’s implementation of international human rights agreements show evidence of a dramatic failure in upholding these rights for Christians and other religious minorities. We ask the US Administration to act with urgency to end the plight of persecuted Christians and give voice to their concerns during this current anniversary,” said Paul Coleman, Executive Director of ADF International.

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Faith-based legal advocacy organization that protects fundamental freedoms and promotes the inherent dignity of all people.