- Former government minister and long-serving MP now faces four investigations after voicing opinion publicly
- Päivi Räsänen tells her story on video
Helsinki (10 March 2020) – Are people holding public office allowed to express their deeply held beliefs? Member of the Finnish Parliament and former Minister of the Interior, Päivi Räsänen faces police investigations. In June 2019, she directed a tweet at the leadership of her church and questioned its official sponsorship of the LGBT event “Pride 2019”, accompanied by an image of a bible text. The prosecutor has now opened two additional investigations. Räsänen already attended two lengthy police interviews about the tweet as well as a pamphlet she wrote 16 years ago on human sexuality for a Christian foundation. She now faces further questioning regarding interviews she gave to a television program and a radio station.
ADF International is supporting the defence of Mrs. Räsänen.
These sorts of cases create a culture of fear and censorship and are becoming all too common throughout Europe.
“In a free society, everyone should be allowed to share their beliefs without fear of censorship. This is the foundation of every free and democratic society. Criminalizing speech through so-called ‘hate-speech’ laws shuts down important public debates and poses a grave threat to our democracies. These sorts of cases create a culture of fear and censorship and are becoming all too common throughout Europe,” said Paul Coleman, Executive Director of ADF International and author of “Censored: How European Hate Speech Laws are Threatening Freedom of Speech.”
Investigation of speech in Finland
In Finland, there are a number of laws that regulate speech, including the “ethnic agitation” law – an offence that carries a prison sentence of up to two years.
The police had already decided to drop the investigation into Mrs. Räsänen’s pamphlet and concluded that there were no grounds to proceed with a prosecution. However, the Prosecutor General reopened the criminal investigation. On 2 March 2020, the police interviewed Mrs Räsänen a second time following the first interrogation in November 2019 about the tweet.
On 5 March, Räsänen was informed that the Prosecutor General had launched two more investigations against her. One concerns her comments on a TV show in 2018 called, “Yökylässä Maria Veitola” (Maria Veitola, Overnight visit), in which the presenter came to Räsänen’s home and stayed overnight. In this program they discussed religious matters, including Räsänen’s personal beliefs. The fourth investigation focuses on a radio interview from 20 December 2019, in which Räsänen commented on the show’s topic of discussion, “What would Jesus think about homosexuals?”
Mrs. Räsänen has served as a Finnish Member of Parliament since 1995, was chair of the Christian Democrats from 2004-2015, and from 2011-2015 she was the Minister of the Interior, during which she held responsibility for church affairs in Finland.
Responding to the police investigation, she said:
“I never thought I would face a criminal investigation for sharing my deeply held beliefs. It came as a total surprise. As a Christian and a democratically elected Member of Parliament, I have often heard things with which I disagree – sometimes very strongly. At times, I have felt insulted. I believe the best response to this is more debate, not censorship.
These police investigations raise concerns about limiting the freedoms that have been guaranteed in our Constitution and in international human right treaties. A major threat for freedom of religion and free speech is that we don’t make use of these rights. I hope these criminal investigations won’t lead to self-censorship among Christians. I am going to use my rights regardless of the police investigation. I encourage others to do the same.”
Lorcan Price, Legal Counsel for ADF International and part of the team supporting her case, said:
“The European Court of Human Rights has affirmed that the right to freedom of expression does not protect merely popular ideas, but also those that challenge the status quo. You can support Mrs. Räsänen’s freedom of speech whether you agree with her positions or not. If we want to have freedom for ourselves, we have to extend it to those with whom we disagree. Tolerance is a two-way street. Driving people with different beliefs out of the public square is not only a violation of the rights protected in international and European law, but leaves our societies all the poorer for it.”
In the photographs: Paul Coleman, Päivi Räsänen, MP, and her assistant.